The path of Yoga propounded by Mahar\u1e63i Pata\u00f1jali, is known as As\u1e6d\u0101\u1e45ga Yoga. As the name suggests, As\u1e6d\u0101\u1e45ga Yoga is comprised of eight limbs or a\u1e63\u1e6da a\u1e45g\u0101ni. The goal of the path is Kaivalya (liberation) that results from the stilling of the mind (citta-v\u1e5btti-nirodha) through a systematic process comprised of the eight limbs. The eight limbs of Yoga \u092f\u092e\u0928\u093f\u092f\u092e\u093e\u0938\u0928\u092a\u094d\u0930\u093e\u0923\u093e\u092f\u093e\u092e\u092a\u094d\u0930\u0924\u094d\u092f\u093e\u0939\u093e\u0930\u0927\u093e\u0930\u0923\u093e\u0927\u094d\u092f\u093e\u0928\u0938\u092e\u093e\u0927\u092f\u094b\u093d\u0937\u094d\u091f\u093e\u0935\u0919\u094d\u0917\u093e\u0928\u093f\u0965 yama-niyama-\u0101sana-pr\u0101\u1e47\u0101y\u0101ma-praty\u0101h\u0101ra-dh\u0101ra\u1e47\u0101-dhy\u0101na-sam\u0101dhayo\u2019\u1e63\u1e6d\u0101va\u1e45g\u0101ni (2.29) The eight limbs are - \tYama - Literally means abstention. Sage Pata\u00f1jali enlists five yamas: \tAhi\u1e41s\u0101 \u2013 abstention from injuring another \tSatya \u2013 truthfulness (abstention from falsehood) \tAsteya \u2013 abstention from thievery \tBrahmacarya \u2013 celibacy (abstention from indulging in the senses) \tAparigraha - abstention from accepting anything from another \tNiyama - Literally means discipline. Sage Pata\u00f1jali enlists five niyamas \t\u015aauca - cleanliness \tSanto\u1e63a - contentment \tTapa\u1e25 - penance \tSv\u0101dhy\u0101ya \u2013 scriptural study \t\u012a\u015bvara-pra\u1e47idh\u0101na - surrender to the Supreme. \t\u0100sana - \u0100sana is defined as a stationary posture that can be maintained for long, comfortably. The posture must be such that it does not distract the practitioner from his impending mental union with the infinite. It is this limb of Yoga that is popularly practiced worldwide today, and is referred to as Ha\u1e6dha-yoga. The Yog\u012b who has perfected \u0100sana is said to never be swayed by the pairs of the opposites such as heat-cold, pleasure-pain, likes-dislikes, and so on. \tPr\u0101\u1e47\u0101y\u0101ma \u2013 \u2018Pr\u0101na\u2019 means breath and \u2018\u0101y\u0101ma\u2019 means both restraining and extending. The practice of manipulating breath by extending the inhalation\/exhalation (p\u016braka\/recaka) or by retaining breath within\/without (kumbhaka) is referred to as Pr\u0101\u1e47\u0101y\u0101ma. Sage Pata\u00f1jali states that mastery of Pr\u0101\u1e47\u0101y\u0101ma removes the veil that obscures the light of wisdom in man, and enables him to establish his mind firmly on an object with sustained attention. \tPraty\u0101h\u0101ra - Praty\u0101h\u0101ra is the withdrawal of the senses of perception (j\u1e45\u0101nendriyas) and senses of action (karmendriyas) from sensory objects, by turning the mind inward. Praty\u0101h\u0101ra, it is stated, results in mastery over the senses. \tDh\u0101ra\u1e47a - Dh\u0101ra\u1e47\u0101 is the fastening of the mind to a single focal point. The focal point can either be internal or external. Internal focal points are enlisted as the cakra of the navel, the lotus of the heart, the crown of the head, light at the tip of the nose, or the tongue. \tDhy\u0101na - Dhy\u0101na is the continuous stream of cognition of the chosen focal point, uninterrupted by wavering thoughts. This is the necessary precursor to Sam\u0101dhi. \tSam\u0101dhi - Sam\u0101dhi is the final state of the A\u1e63\u1e6d\u0101\u1e45ga Yoga, where the aimed object alone shines forth. The eight limbs are further classified into two, namely b\u0101hy\u0101\u1e45g\u0101ni (external limbs) and \u0101bhyantar\u0101\u1e45g\u0101ni (internal limbs.) B\u0101hy\u0101\u1e45g\u0101ni comprises of what is also termed as Kriy\u0101yoga. B\u0101hy\u0101\u1e45g\u0101ni are yama, niyama, \u0101sana, pr\u0101\u1e47y\u0101ma, praty\u0101h\u0101ra. \u0100bhyantar\u0101\u1e45g\u0101ni, also called samyama, are dh\u0101ra\u1e47\u0101, dhy\u0101na, sam\u0101dhi. Sustained practice of samyama, states Sage Pata\u00f1jali, results in wisdom (praj\u00f1\u0101na.) Mahar\u1e63i Pata\u00f1jali describes the benefits of A\u015b\u1e6d\u0101\u1e45ga Yoga as follows - \u092f\u094b\u0917\u093e\u0919\u094d\u0917\u093e\u0928\u0941\u0937\u094d\u0920\u093e\u0928\u093e\u0926\u0936\u0941\u0926\u094d\u0927\u093f\u0915\u094d\u0937\u092f\u0947 \u091c\u094d\u091e\u093e\u0928\u0926\u0940\u092a\u094d\u0924\u093f\u0930\u093e\u0935\u093f\u0935\u0915\u0947\u0916\u094d\u092f\u093e\u0924\u0947\u0903 \u0965\u0968.\u0968\u096e\u0965 Yog\u0101\u1e45g\u0101nu\u1e63\u1e6dh\u0101n\u0101d a\u015buddhi-k\u1e63aye j\u00f1\u0101na-d\u012bptir \u0101viveka-khy\u0101te\u1e25 ||28|| By practicing Yog\u0101\u1e45g\u0101s (the limbs of Yoga), the impurities of the mind are eliminated and the light of wisdom dawns by way of discernment. Discernment in turn, leads to Kaivalya (liberation).